Software Testing is the highly crucial final lap of the journey that had an amazing start from Software Development. Behind developing every tech product, the primary objective is to solve a truly important problem and build a sustainable, profit-making business from it. But, what if the product breaks or crashes your entire set of products? It’s terrible to imagine, right? That’s why technology companies set and maintain a significant priority level to test each and every product before launching them. With that, we have come to the deciding point for the topic of today’s discussion i.e. Software Testing.
Software Testing is the process of checking a software product for errors and making sure that it qualifies in matching the expectations/planning made for it. In this process, each and every functionality such as security, reliability, performance, and all other aspects of a software product is passed through numerous test cases by the use of manual or automated software testing tools. Those test cases decide whether the product has any defect or not. Then the product is improved to assure that it provides the best quality in every bit of it. That’s why Software Testing is also called Quality Assurance.
Well, software testing holds the same importance as software development. Some organizations even consider it more important than any other step in the software journey. And, it is logically true. There is no point in continuing to develop awesome software products if they cannot maintain a good performance and quality. People often like using the products that provide them with consistently good performance rather than those that come with numerous functionalities but fail to perform. Hence, you can clearly see what an immense importance software testing has. Check out the following information to know what disasters were previously caused by broken software products.
There are several more terrible incidents that are caused by small bugs in the software but, the above-mentioned ones are good enough to make the world understand how important it is to test every tiny bit of a tech product before launching it. For better understanding, let’s take a look at the further discussion on software testing.
Till now, you have seen what kind of mishaps occurred due to a lack of software testing. But, without an in-depth idea about how software testing can save you from such situations, no one will understand its true importance. So, check out the following benefits of testing every bit of a tech product before making it available for everyone.
Any business becomes successful when its customers recognize it for its product quality and business ethics. A good product quality that is maintained with continuous improvement works for a remarkable positive impression of your business. And, that can only be achieved when every smaller than the smallest feature of your product works perfectly.
Hence, every company that is willing to have a consistently good performing business, must set a really high priority to test its products and focus on improving their quality. They must follow the concept that software testing or an efficient QA practice is one of the most crucial steps in maintaining a high-performing business.
As modern tech tools deal with large sets of data, it becomes more crucial to keep those data protected. Various complex software products often require huge sets of your personal information to achieve the highest performance of their features. And, every renowned company always makes sure that hackers do not reach those data and the well-secure products work for building and maintaining a positive impression about the company.
For example, social media apps need access to your storage and camera for posting content. Banking and e-commerce applications operate on confidential payment information. Other than these, there are numerous applications that we regularly use and you must have noticed that those applications ask for several permissions to use the sensors & components of your devices and gather data through them.
Also, wrong hands getting access to your data is not the only concern that makes everyone brainstorm about the overall security system. Sometimes the failure of any cloud storage service or similar products can result in the loss of the data that is very precious to you. Imagine that you have stored your valuable data in Google Drive or iCloud, and a small software bug demolished all your data without leaving any scope to retrieve them. Seems like a nightmare, right? Well, compromising on proper testing of such software products can surely turn that nightmare into reality. Hence, every organization that is concerned about the security of their users’ information, must make proper use of their planning, time, and resources to test their products.
If any bug is detected during the earlier stages of developing and launching a product, it becomes easier to get rid of it and the product owner can save a lot of time and resources in the long run. That’s why every well-organized IT company focuses on testing their products thoroughly before launching them and eventually supports their business by saving a lot of time and resources that would otherwise get wasted in software debugging. Also, saving those resources and maintaining a good budget for developing a product helps the companies provide cost-effective services to their customers. Hence, thorough testing of software products creates a win-win situation for both the seller and the customer.
Those times no longer exist when very few people had computers or any kind of electronic gadgets and most of those devices were similar. Nowadays, every moment several electronic gadgets are being launched and everyone is choosing the most suitable ones for them. That means there are numerous types of gadgets operating in the market and their respective users are always on the search for the best performing applications for their products.
Now, it is a fact that different tech products have different compatibility with different devices. For example, a website or web app that is performing well on a desktop may not perform at all on mobiles. Also, any specific web product may perform differently on different mobile devices. That explains why it is so crucial to test every web product on different devices with different screen resolutions.
For browser-based applications, testing on different browsers is essential. Nowadays, there are plenty of browser options available that enable everyone to choose the best-suited one according to their needs. Any application may run smoothly on Google Chrome but its performance can deteriorate on Mozilla Firefox, Safari, or Internet Explorer. This enhances the importance of cross-browser testing for every smaller than the smallest web product to become sure of its compatibility with each browser.
One of the prime objectives of any business is to provide the best of everything to their customers. And, it is always possible that the designs that you have prepared with extreme dedication, may not be very preferred by your customers. Developing a widely loved UI & UX design takes a lot of research, planning, and testing. That’s why UI & UX testing before launching a product into the market is an extremely important step that can be highly beneficial for your business. Your customers will eventually get to use the most suitable products and you will acquire a satisfied customer base.
You have already got the idea that software testing is a huge domain. Hence, naturally, it is expected to have a massive classification. As the testing process involves a lot of aspects, it can be classified based on various criteria.
Though the tests can be broadly classified into the two categories i.e. manual testing and automated testing, they are also differentiated based on whether they involve coding or are codeless. However, many efficient testing methods consist of hybrid approaches i.e. the mix of both coding and no-code testing methods.
For an easier classification, tests are categorized according to the group of tests included in any particular type of testing and based on how much the tests know about the internal implementation of the system under test. So, the prime categories of software testing are as follows -
Though this era is mostly all about automation, till now, the traditional methods of testing used to involve the participation of QA engineers to test everything by themselves. And, still, there are a few tests that are mainly executed manually.
Manual testing often becomes very time-consuming and cumbersome as the QA engineers have to take care of testing every bit of the tech products under testing by themselves. But, the attention to detail and testing everything minutely from the end user’s perspective make the QA engineers stay on the correct path towards growth.
As the efficiency and usefulness of the test scripts depend on the expertise and accuracy of the QA engineers, they are always trained to follow high-level guides and analyze if the scripts are running perfectly and producing expected results. But, no QA engineer should worry about the complex processes. Any reputed manual testing tool can easily help the QA engineers out in any situation.
In simple words, the process of executing the steps of software testing through efficient automation methods is called Automated Testing. In this process, testers use automated testing tools to execute the test steps and generate the test results automatically.
Though Selenium is one of the most popular names among automated testing tools, PreFlight exceeds it in every aspect of a simple yet effective no-code testing tool. It provides amazing performance in all its awesome features like auto-recording & playback of set tests, generating random emails & other variables, providing the opportunity to add custom codes, setting text & visual assertions, and an amazing user-friendly interface allowing any non-technical user to easily navigate through every functionality, etc. Hence, if you are willing to get the best no-code testing experience, PreFlight is the right choice for you.
As the name suggests, Functional Testing is all about testing the functions of a software. Your software may have numerous functionalities but, they cannot perform the same under different conditions. That’s why it’s essential to test each and every functionality of your software under various test conditions. Efficient test automation tools like PreFlight provide diverse forms of inputs to the software functionalities and verify if the outputs are matching the expected ones or not. The prime priority in this type of testing is checking the behavior of the software and its functionalities. Testers or testing tools provide more attention to testing it for different inputs rather than bothering much about its source code.
Based on several criteria, Functional Testing is categorized as the following -
While Functional testing looks at the ways to attract users, Non-Functional testing is more concerned about impressing them and acquiring a satisfied customer base. Based on its focus on performance, Non-Functional testing can be categorized as follows -
It can be described as testing a tech product completely from the users’ perspective. In Black-box testing, you have the same amount of information as your customers have. You will not get the benefit of knowing the product’s structure, code, or logic.
Black box testing uses the dynamic testing approach. That means that the product is tested when the code is being executed. This strategy helps the tester know how the product will behave and how the users will experience it when it will be up and running.
In contrast with Black-box testing, White-box testing needs the testers to know the most about the product. And, the objective of white-box testing is the objective behind having so much information. White-box testing is executed to detect inefficiencies in codes, find out poor coding practices such as unnecessary lines of code, etc.
The prime focus of white-box testing is not checking the working of the application. It prioritizes looking at the points to make the application better. You can make a lot of improvements to your product throughout its entire life cycle, but the best improvements take place while solving any issue noticed in the product.
White-box testing mostly follows a static testing approach. That means in this type of testing, you have to test the code while it is not in the execution stage. Static testing is a common practice during the early stages of a product’s journey because it is easy to test a product before its deployment.
It is a type of manual testing that is performed repeatedly. In this type of testing, some modules of software are tested individually with random inputs to ensure that each of them is error-free. The prime objective of this type of testing is to ensure that the software is functioning properly. Gorilla testing is also known as torture testing, fault tolerance testing, and frustrating testing.
This type of testing lies somewhere in the middle ground between Black-box testing and White-box testing as this testing allows you to have partial information about the product. And, being in the middle-ground enables you to look at the product from both the user’s and the developer’s perspectives. For example, if a component of your product has a design that it isn’t supposed to have, a user cannot identify it as a bug as he/she may think that it is looking as it is designed. But, you can identify it as a bug. This is how Grey-box testing enables you to test and debug your product.
Now, you have an in-depth idea about the main categories of software testing but, you must know about the strategic approach to proceed with the testing process. Though we have already discussed it with every minute detail in our “STLC - Software Testing Life Cycle” article, we are jotting down its key structure here.
The prime steps to move through software testing are -
Any complicated process can be completed successfully if it starts with strategic planning that focuses on better efficiency, better results, and great ethics. Similarly, in software testing, planning is the first step where every small to big detail about the product and the requirements of tests is taken into account. Then the to-do checklist is created according to the priority order. Also, for huge testing teams, the task division is done in this phase.
As now you have set the plan for testing, it’s time to prepare the parameters for it. In this preparation phase, you have to prepare the test environment, analyze the product & its features, research & collect suitable test cases, learn the suitable techniques for testing, gather necessary testing tools, and start getting familiar with the testing process. Doing all these in proper order and with proper dedication will let you prepare yourself for the next crucial steps in the STLC.
The main action stage is here. It’s time for you to execute the test cases and make all the planning & preparation worth it. In this stage, your duties are executing the test cases, collecting the results, comparing the obtained results with expected results, and taking notes of the successful & failed test cases.
This is the last phase or the decision phase of STLC. Here, your task is to document all your findings & observations and submit them to the concerned team for analysis. Failed test cases are the greatest concern here. You have to keep proper account test runs, outputs, and overall results so that the respective team can decide which points they have to prioritize.
PreFlight provides the users with amazing features like auto-recording the test execution and saving screenshots of every step. These features bring great ease to the overall testing process.
All this discussion made us see all the sides of the two types of testing processes i.e. manual testing and automated testing. As we saw how automated testing brings efficiency, we also saw how manual testing holds great importance. A common question that always remains is whether automated testing can suppress the value and importance of manual testing.
Manual testing requires the involvement of a lot of people. In this type of testing, testers test every feature, every functionality, and every small part of the software by themselves and mostly without using any tools. Even if any tool is used in manual testing, testers need to set up and execute every step by themselves. Then QA Analysts analyze those test reports by themselves and make decisions about improving the software.
On the other hand, automation testing runs mostly by itself. Here, tests are set once and they will keep getting executed by themselves. Constant participation of testers is not necessary here. Hence, it provides remarkable efficiency in repetitive tests like regression tests, etc.
But, you must know the fact that automated testing can never make manual testing obsolete. Automated testing involves the use of a lot of tools and preset test parameters, and QA engineers are those people who write the scripts working behind those tools and the test parameters are also set by those QA engineers. Hence, an intelligent combination of manual testing and automated testing is the way to achieve the best results.
Automated testing can perform the best only when the best test automation tool is used. There are several such tools available there but the best one must have an easy interface, allows the users to set up the tests within little time, auto-records & saves the tests, has awesome AI functionalities, provides affordable price plans, has an efficient dashboard, etc.
PreFlight is the tool that has the best versions of all the features mentioned above. Once you start using it, there is no way you will be able to compare anything else with it. But, for that, you need to first Book a Demo, Checkout our amazing packages, and start cherishing our awesome tool. To know more about our test automation tool, our Cypress Test Recorder, and moreover, our business, feel free to check out our website. Also, if you want to read more amazing articles on various interesting topics, please visit our blog page.